Burn severity mapping from Landsat MESMA fraction images and Land Surface Temperature

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Burn severity mapping from Landsat MESMA fraction images and Land Surface Temperature

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Title: Burn severity mapping from Landsat MESMA fraction images and Land Surface Temperature
Author: Quintano Pastor, Carmen;Fernández Manso, Alfonso;Roberts, Dar A.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-contributor: Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-area: Ecologia
Abstract: Forest fires are incidents of great importance in Mediterranean environments. Landsat data have proven to be suitable for evaluating post-fire vegetation damage and determining different levels of burn severity, which is crucial for planning post-fire rehabilitation. This study assessed the utility of combined Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (MESMA) fraction images and Land Surface Temperature (LST) to accurately map burn severity. We studied a large convection- dominated wildfire, which occurred on 19–21 September 2012 in Spain, in a zone dominated by Pinus pinaster Ait. Burn severity degree (low, moderate, and high) was measured 2–3 months after fire in 111 field plots using the Composite Burn Index (CBI). Four fraction images were generated using MESMA from the reflective bands of a post-fire Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM +) image: 1.-char, 2.-green vegetation (GV), 3.-non-photosynthetic vegetation and soil (NPVS) and 4.-shade. The thermal band was converted to LST using a single channel algorithm. Next, Multinomial Logistic Regression (MLR) was used to obtain the probability of each burn severity level from MESMA fraction images and LST. Finally, a burn severity map was generated from the probability images and independently validated using an error matrix, producer and user accuracies per class, and κ statistic. MLR identified the char fraction image and LST as the only significant explanatory variables when burn severity acted as the response variable. Two burn severity degrees (low-moderate and high) were finally considered to build the final burn severity map. In this way, we reached a higher accuracy (κ = 0.79) than using the original three burn severity levels (κ = 0.66). Our study demonstrates the validity of combining fraction images and LST from Landsat data to map burn severity accurately in Mediterranean countries
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-desfisica: 14 p.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-peerreviewed: SI
Publisher: Elsevier
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citation: Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10612/6822
Date: 2016-03-20
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Subject: Ecología. Medio ambiente
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-palclave: Incendios forestales
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