Evaluation of Composite Burn Index and Land Surface Temperature for Assessing Soil Burn Severity in Mediterranean Fire-Prone Pine Ecosystems

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Evaluation of Composite Burn Index and Land Surface Temperature for Assessing Soil Burn Severity in Mediterranean Fire-Prone Pine Ecosystems

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Title: Evaluation of Composite Burn Index and Land Surface Temperature for Assessing Soil Burn Severity in Mediterranean Fire-Prone Pine Ecosystems
Author: Marcos Porras, Elena María;Fernández-García, Víctor;Fernández Manso, Alfonso;Quintano Pastor, Carmen;Valbuena Relea, María Luz;Tárrega García-Mares, Reyes;Luis Calabuig, Estanislao de, 1949-;Calvo Galván, Leonor
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-contributor: Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-area: Ecologia
Abstract: We analysed the relationship between burn severity indicators, from remote sensing and field observations, and soil properties after a wildfire in a fire-prone Mediterranean ecosystem. Our study area was a large wildfire in a Pinus pinaster forest. Burn severity from remote sensing was identified by studying immediate post-fire Land Surface Temperature (LST). We also evaluated burn severity in the field applying the Composite Burn Index (CBI) in a total of 84 plots (30 m diameter). In each plot we evaluated litter consumption, ash colour and char depth as visual indicators. We collected soil samples and pH, soil organic carbon, dry aggregate size distribution (MWD), aggregate stability and water repellency were analysed. A controlled heating of soil was also carried out in the laboratory, with soil from the control plots, to compare with the changes produced in soils affected by different severity levels in the field. Our results shown that changes in soil properties affected by wildfire were only observed in soil aggregation in the high severity situation. The laboratory-controlled heating showed that temperatures of about 300 °C result in a significant reduction in soil organic carbon and MWD. Furthermore, soil organic carbon showed a significant decrease when LST values increased. Char depth was the best visual indicator to show changes in soil properties (mainly physical properties) in large fires that occur in Mediterranean pine forests. We conclude that CBI and post-fire LST can be considered good indicators of soil burn severity since both indicate the impact of fire on soil properties.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-desfisica: P. 494-509
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-peerreviewed: SI
Publisher: MDPI
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citation: Forests, 2018, vol. 9, n. 8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10612/8919
Date: 2018-08-13
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Subject: Ecología. Medio ambiente
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-palclave: Controlled heating
Land surface temperature (LST)
Pine forest
Soil burn severity
Substrate CBI
Visual indicators
Wildfire
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