Evolution of the bioavailability and other pharmacokinetic parameters of levodopa (with carbidopa) in rabbits

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Evolution of the bioavailability and other pharmacokinetic parameters of levodopa (with carbidopa) in rabbits

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Title: Evolution of the bioavailability and other pharmacokinetic parameters of levodopa (with carbidopa) in rabbits
Author: Fernández, Nélida;Prieto, Carlos;Sierra, Matilde;Diez, M. José;Sahagún, Ana M.;González, Aranzazu;García, Juan J.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-contributor: Facultad de Veterinaria
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-area: Farmacologia
Abstract: Levodopa pharmacokinetics show i111portanl inter- and intraindividual dijferences when it is administered by the oral route. As a result of fluctu­ ating drug plasma concentrations, patients may develop motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. Therefore, it is in1portanl tope1form studies on levodopa pharmacokinetics in the same individual. The aim of this sh1dy was to contribute to a better knowledge of the evolution of thephannacokinetics of lev­ adopa adnúnislered ivith carbidopa. The study involved the oral administration of 20/5 mg/kg levodopa/carbidopa to rahbits for two different time periods (7 or 14 days), due to the fact that inhibition of aromatic L-amino-acid decarboxylase by carbidopa is not immediate. After 7 days of treat­ ment, the levodopa AUC increased by 12.6%.fivm day 1 (range: 114.2-150.7 µg.min/ml) to day 7 (range: 131.1-166.0 µg.min/ml) and C"'ª" increased by 9.6% (range: 1.90-2.86 µg/ml on day 1 and 2.12-3.13 µglml on day 7). After 14 days of treatment, the increase in AUC was 17.0% (range: 119.6-160.1 µg.min/ml on day 1 and 142.9-172.7 ¡ µg.min/ml on day 14) and Cmax increased by 6.5% {tange: 2.29-2.96 µg!ml on day 1 and 2.41·-3.07 µg/ml on day 14). The values obtained for C,max (sample obtained im1nediately befare levodopa/carbidopa administration) in both grups increased progressively with the duration of the treatment. Cmax and AUC values were very similar after 7 or 14 days of treatment. The time needed far Cm,in sta­ bilization was slightly highe1; because we found significant djfferences until day 11 of treatment.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-desfisica: P. 451-457
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-peerreviewed: SI
Publisher: Prous Science
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citation: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, 2008, n. 30
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10612/4564
Date: 2008-05-14
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Subject: Ecología. Medio ambiente
Farmacología
Zoología
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-palclave: Carbidopa
LAAD inhibitors
Levodopa
Pharmacokinetics
Rabbits
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